Activity No. 1.1 Formal creating the centre and defining the long-term strategy

 

Activity objective

The objective of the activity is to create a joint workplace of the applicant from the private sector and the partners from the academic sphere with the goal to increase the competitiveness of the applied research.

 

Realisation deadline of activity (quarter/year)

I/2011 - IV/2014

 

Activity description

The first pillarof the activity is to create a joint workplace of the applicant (private company) and the academic partner. In the framework of this activity creating the internal organisational structure of the centre is of key importance. The basic components of the centre, the rules of operation, the research objectives and definition of the company’s and academic partners´ relations will be defined in its framework. An internal guideline in connection with the Research Centre Statutes will be adopted.

 

The second pillar of the activity is to define a long-term strategic plan for the centre development. It will be the definition of the long-term research themes, objectives and activities not only regarding to the project but also after completing the project activities for continual research activities with plenty of multiplication effects to be ensured. Similarly we will pay attention to harmonising the development strategy of the company and the academic partners.

The individual tasks that will be realised will be aimed at a long-term plan of development of the joint research centre in the area of the device infrastructure and R&D activities.

 

The third pillar of this activity is the dissemination of the knowledge and results achieved in the framework of individual research activities. A specific task in the framework of the centre dissemination is the founding of the so called „Research Light Centre“ - i.e. the presentation spaces (showroom) where the results of the scientific activities and research will be promoted during the dissemination activities in specific conditions. The dissemination will be also carried out in the form of publication activities in periodicals and proceedings and also by presentations at conferences.

 

In the long-period horizon the research centre will orient on a few priority tasks which will make the workplace conditions and its activity better:

  • Effective building of the apparatus basis for research which will be utilised both by the employees of the applicant and the partner,
  • Coordinating the research activities and their logical linkage to achieve the highest possible effects and the best results,
  • To identify the potential applications of the achieved results and to ensure the protection of the know-how developed,
  • To ensure dissemination of the information about the project, about the results achieved, etc.

 

The activity will take 48 months.

 

Centre Statutes

By the 5th month

Long-term strategic plan of centre development

By 9th month

„Research Light Centre“

By 24th month

 

The inputs will be the applicant’s and partner’s professional staff with a sufficient knowledge potential and experience and links to the mother organisations.

The methods will be the data collection, analyses and creating internal documents, a guideline and a strategic plan.

The outputwill be the approved internal guideline and the rules of the centre, a long-term strategic plan for the centre development, the „Research Light Centre“ (showroom).

 

The research workplace’s goal is to engage in the knowledge triangle (research, education, innovations) not only through the top quality research but also through education as well as the innovation activities in collaboration with the economic and social spheres.

 

No internal risks are connected with realising this activity.

 

Methodology of activity

When realising the activity mainly the experience of the applicant and partner will be utilised. Similarly the management structures of the applicant and partner will be used and involved in order to define the individual steps during creating and fulfilling the whole activity idea.

The preparatory and realisation phase of the activity will be realised through collaboration of the project manager and specialists. The realisation activity will be managed for the physical establishment of the centre to be realised and the stated documents to be created according to the stated schedule.

During creating the documents the internal procedures of the applicant as well as the partner will be taken into account for the requirements of the research centre to be respected in full extent.

 

Outputs (results) of activity

The output of the activity will be a functional management unit where the performance rules and internal organisation linked to the management structures of the company and the institute of the academy of science will be firmly stated.

 

Not only the centre itself will be the output, but also documents that will contain:

  • The rules for the centre operation, its relations and organisation -– „Statutes of Centre and Rules for Research Centre Operation “. It is the statutes and organisational order of the research centre. It will serve for clearly defined rules of the internal organisation as an activity output.
  • „Strategic Plan and Long-Term Vision for Centre Development“ will contain not only strategies valid for the project duration but also long-term development conceptions of the research centre from the programme, project and scientific and research point of view.

 

Another output stated as a milestone by both partners in the area of dissemination is the creating of thepresentation space in the form of a showroom:

  • „Research Light Centre“.
  • Part of the lab determined for publishing the research results for the general public. In the framework of the partial outputs results of the lighting research on the human circadian rhythm will be presented.

 

 

Activity No. 2.1Procuring the necessary infrastructure inevitable for realising research

 

Activity objective

The goal of this activity is to increase the effectiveness of the research in the area of the light phenomena by procuring top devices of the joint research centre.

 

Realisation deadline of activity (quarter/year)

I/2011 - IV/2012

 

Activity description

The purpose of this activity is to equip the research centre with an inevitable device infrastructure. Providing the infrastructure is important due to strengthening the technical background of the light phenomena research at the given workplace. It is also a big benefit for the region itself because a workplace with high technical parameters and unique conditions for the development of nanotechnologies, materials and electric engineering in the region of Trnava will arise.

 

This activity will take 24 months. The time sequence of the activities in the framework of this activity will be as follows:

 

  • Market research, analysis and assessment
  • Preparing materials for public procurement
  • Public competition
  • Selecting the public provider and contract
  • Analysis and synthesis of the knowledge for utilising the individual methods
  • Public procurement of the equipments selected
  • Assembly and putting into operation
  • Trial operation of the equipment

 

The inputs will be the specialists of the centre, the market with the necessary equipment and the complementary infrastructure

 

The methods will be the procurement of the devices which will be utilised in the framework of individual activities. The deliveries and assembly of new equipment necessary for realising the research will be procured according to the law No. 25/2003 Coll., about public procurement realised by a professionally skilled person. After procuring and installing the new infrastructure the pilot trial operation of the procured installation will run and after its successful completion the research activity which is the subject of the 3.1 activity will be realised.

In the centre framework we plan to purchase several key devices inevitable for realising the project and further complementary infrastructure.

The lab of differential measurement will be established where various measurements in different conditions and procedures will be realised in the framework of the research activities.

The Langmuir-Blodgett trough for depositing the nanoparticle layers.

The spectroscopic elipsometer for the in-situ study of the UV photo-degradation the simultaneous spectrum measurements will be carried out.

The 3D printer for printing the model components due to better visualisation as the work with the nanomaterials is demanding as to the dimensions.

A set for measuring transmittance factors and reflectance of the material surfaces. This set will serve for measuring integral and direction characteristics of the reflectance and transmittance factors – the idikatrix of dispersion.

In the framework of IKT development the necessary IKT infrastructure and also software will be purchased.

A more detailed list of the purchased devices and their purpose in the project budget and in the attached statement.

 

The output of this activity will be a modern and functional technical and device infrastructure. As a result of completing the unique outfit of the research workplace the following areas will be improved:

  • the outfit with devices of the applicant necessary for the first-rate industrial research,
  • the possibilities of the industrial research and capability to solve complicated research tasks,
  • the knowledge potential of the applicant’s and partner’s organisations by incorporating the modern device technique to the traditional scheme of the industrial research and academic research, teaching, etc.

 

There are no risks connected with realising this activity.

On the other hand there are several external risks connected with realising this activity.

The assumed risks which can develop during realising this project activity are as follows:

  • change of price of some of the components
  • delayed delivery
  • procrastinations in the public competition

 

Eliminating these risks will be ensured by exactly stated contractual conditions and a time reserve in the time schedule of realising the activities. The principles of the project management and measures for reducing the risks during the whole project will be implemented.

 

Methodology of activities

During realising this activity the methods of the standard management and coordination procedures inevitable for procuring the equipment according to the valid legislation about public procurement will be utilised.

The preparatory phases of this activity will be realised by functionally responsible and professionally capable employees of the applicant and partners who will assess the possibilities of the most advantageous delivery of the equipment in the interest of maintaining the economy and spending the monetary resources. At the same time they will work out specifications for the public procurement.

Based on these materials and stated assessment criteria the supplier will be selected by the method of public procurement. The supplier will install the equipment under supervision of the project manager and specialists responsible for realising the professional activities.

The purchase of devices and equipment for the research and development will be carried out according to the law No. 25/2006 Coll., about public procurement.

 

The acquired devices and equipment will be utilised by:

  • research workers
  • PhD students in the framework of the partner collaboration of the applicant with its academic partners

 

Output (result) of activity

The main output will be the procurement of unique devices and their putting into operation. The possibility of utilising the complex equipment will ensure the first-rate industrial research in the area of the electric engineering on the international level.

 

The realisation of this activity will help remove the lagging of the equipment outfit of the applicant’s organisation behind other EU countries and will increase its competitiveness in acquiring the grants from abroad and the international cooperation.

 

Fulfilling the goal of this activity will improve:

  • the link of the scientific and research workplaces of the applicant and the partner academic workplaces
  • the complex solution of the problems in practice,
  • the collaboration in the area of education of young technicians,
  • involving the employees of the research team to the international cooperation.

 

 

Activity No. 3 Research of light, light phenomena and new technologies in the area of electrical engineering

 

Activity objective

The objective of this activity is the research of materials, elements and processes for electrical engineering

 

Realisation deadline of activity (quarter/year)

I/2011 - IV/2014

 

Activity description

This research activity is based on several complex themes and research tasks which will be carried out by the applicant and partner to achieve the desired result.

In the framework of the research areas the specialists of the applicant and the partners will realise several research tasks. The individual tasks will run parallely and individual results will directly enter other tasks.

 

The basic themes of the technical project activity:

 

1.Change of the spectral composition of light through nanotechnologies (nanotechnologies for luminaires):

Research task:

  • Nanoparticles for changing the spectral composition of light

 

2.Thermal management:

Research task:

  • Innovative active cooler for the HPLED technologies

 

3.UV degradation of materials and structural stability

Research task:

  • Study of the UV degradation of materials for utilisation in the fluorescent luminaires
  • Analysing the phase stability of materials

 

4.Research of possibilities to reduce the energy demandingness of the lighting systems:

Research task:

  • Optimising the operating parameters for the LED light sources connected with the possibility to utilise them for illuminating various types of spaces
  • Investigating the possibilities for reducing the operating costs for lighting of industrial spaces

 

5.Research of conditions for stating the maintenance factor from the point of view of optimising the costs for the lighting system operation:

Research task:

  • Reduction of the luminous flow due to the environment pollution
  • Influence of ageing the luminaires´ optical materials

 

6. Research of applying direct light on the quality of the working environment:

Research task:

  • Influence of the light sources´ composition of spectral radiation on the circadian rhythm of people – research
  • Development of a principle for controlling the luminaire optical parts fulfilling the change of requirements on the room’s illumination in dependence on the activity which is realised inside of it
  • Research of glare and possibilities to prevent glare in both the exterior and interior conditions

 

Inputs: The basic inputs in this activity will be the procured devices and equipment, the accessible scientific, professional and technical capacity of the applicant and partners, the applicant’s and partners´ know-how in the given area of science and application practice.

 

Time: The activity will be realised during the whole project. The primary activity tasks will be oriented especially on the professional preparation of the team. In the first phase the activities and tasks connected with studying professional literature, analytical assessment of problems, specification of procedures and processes, defining the risks, etc. will be realised. This part of the research activities will run from the very beginning of the project realization because in the framework of the investigated area the professional preparation is inevitable.

The basic (second) part of the research activities (we assume) will start after procuring the research equipment.

In the second phase we will concentrate on:

  • modifying the spectral composition of light through fluorescent properties of the nanoparticles and investigating the properties of the layers in the transmission and reflectance geometry,
  • we will investigate the possibilities of utilising the dissipated power of HPLED for generating electric power and innovative approach in cooling the HPLED chips
  • we will investigate the structural and phase stability of plastics and polymer materials using the equipment for X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis, equipment for fast annealing and UV radiation generator,

 

The last, third phase is represented by a set of solutions in the form of an assessment report, methodological sheet, process procedure. In the framework of this activity the investigators will take part in domestic as well as business trips abroad (the activities 1.1.,2.1. and 3.1).

 

Outputs:

In the framework of this extensive scientific activity we can define or divide the results of the activity according to the individual stated research tasks. In this form the milestones of the professional project activity will be as follows:

 

1st phase – Methodological Report – until 40th month (estimated)

2nd phase - Technological Procedure – until 46th month

 

Methodology of activity

As the research activity consists of several research tasks it will be very important to state the methodological procedures for each task. The individual research tasks require individual approaches on the one hand from the viewpoint of the selected procedure, personal and capacity provision and on the other hand from the technical point of view.

An individual approach will be chosen for each task and it will be selected on the basis of a suitable problem analysis. As the research team is created by several experts in the given area, we can expect eliminating any technical risks which could occur during realising the research.

The methodology was chosen to achieve the desired effect and to maximise the result

 

As to the research tasks defined in the sub-activity 1. Change of the spectral composition of light through nanotechnologies (nanotechnologies for luminaires):

  • Nanoparticles for changing the spectral composition of light

We use the fluorescent properties of the nanoparticles CdSe, ZnS, etc. to modify the spectral composition of the light. We will investigate the optical properties of the nanoparticle layers prepared with colloidal fluorescent nanoparticles, nanoparticles built-in to the polymer or nanoparticles in the form of powder. We will investigate the properties of the layers both in the transmission and reflection geometry.

 

We will use the nanoparticles developed by our specialists and commercially acquired ones or they will be delivered from the research workplaces in Slovakia or abroad. We will prepare the nanoparticles layers by the Langmuir-Schaefer method using the Langmuir-Blodgett trough, with the centrifuge (spin coating) and the spray method. We will compare the optical properties of the layers prepared by these technologies.

We will investigate the possibilities of targeted modification of the diffusely dispersed light using the nanoparticles built-in to the material surface.

 

In the sub-activity 2. Thermal management

  • Innovative active cooler for the HPLED technologies

 

We will investigate the possibilities of utilising the dissipated power of HPLED for generating the electric power. We will review the possibility to use the acquired power for active cooling. The equipment will be based on the Seeback phenomenon when direct conversion of the temperature gradient to the electric energy develops. Our goal is an innovative approach in cooling the HPLED chips which is not commercially available and represents a green solution when the dissipated heat power is utilised for generating the electric power and is not simply led off to the surroundings. The detailed procedure is introduced in the part E.

 

The decisive methodology for the best determination and subsequent technological assessment 3. UV degradation of materials and structural stability

  • Studying the UV degradation of materials for utilisation in the fluorescent luminaires
  • Analysing the phase stability of materials

 

For the research of the UV degradation we will design and build an experimental set for quantifying the photo-degradation of materials utilised in designing the fluorescent luminaires. We will look into processes which run during the UV degradation using the spectroscopicelipsometry and photo-electron spectroscopy with the goal to minimise the degradation processes.

We will investigate the structural and phase stability of the plastics and polymer materials using the equipment for the X-ray diffraction and thermic analysis, the device for fast annealing and the generator of the UV radiation. We will investigate the possibility of increasing the stability of these materials in the area of the assumed temperatures of utilisation (as a rule up to 200 °C).

 

In the framework of the sub-activity 4.Research of possibilities to reduce the energy demandingness of the lighting systems the set of procedures will be aimed especially at:

Based on the stated input parameters the following logical methodological steps will be taken: When dealing with new optimised design shapes of the luminaires we will solve the overall concept of the luminaire with an emphasis on its thermal and mechanical stress. This conception will be realised through simulating various conditions of feeding (input voltage, ambient temperature, interrupted regime), measuring the functionality and safety of the proposed solution (heat, mechanical properties), furthermore through measurements of luminous properties and testing the measurement results by the valid standards. The verification will be carried out by comparing the values of the LED system with the previous system. This will result in an analysis based on which we will be able to state the optimal design solutions for the research of the LED luminaires.

 

5. Research of conditions for stating the maintenance factor from the point of view of optimising the costs for the lighting system operation

The research of the conditions for stating the maintenance factor will be oriented on especially on two components:

  • decline of the luminous flux due to the environment pollution
  • influence of ageing the luminaires´ optical materials.

The emphasis will be placed on the first component which results from its importance and the actual shortage of data. The objective of this activity will be, first of all, to define the environment pollution rate and subsequently for various types of working (but also other) spaces to investigate the rate and character of pollution. For this purpose we will install a sufficient number of materials in various types of spaces (reflective and translucent samples) which will be exposed to the environment effects.

In in advance stated time intervals these samples will be taken from the environment and will be subject to measurements. We will observe the changes of the optical properties due to pollution gradually in different time intervals.

As to the second components the suggested methodology is based on measuring the optical properties of the light-active parts of the luminaires after various periods of operation in the real lighting systems.

To acquire reliable data it is inevitable to make the methodology of data collection more accurate. All conditions and factors which can affect the results have to be identified and documented during realising this activity. Frequently, the longest activity phase will deal with placing the samples in various environments with an emphasis on the working premises. In the stated time intervals part of the samples will be taken from the terrain and will be subjected to measurements of specific photometric parameters. After subsequent maintenance the samples will be placed back to the terrain. Parallely in the space there will be several samples for to observe the continual changes without any intervention to a part of the samples. The time intervals, the numbers of the samples, etc. will be stated during the phase of making the methodology more accurate. The object of measuring the photometric parameters will be especially the factor of transfer and reflection as well as the factor of the diffuse transfer/reflection and the space changes of the luminous flux distribution during the transfer/reflection of the luminous flux on the samples investigated.

 

6. Research of applying direct light on the quality of the working environmentwill consist of the following tasks:

  • Investigating the influence of the spectral radiation composition of the light sources on the circadian rhythm of people
  • Developing a principle for controlling the luminaire optical parts fulfilling the change of requirements on the room’s illumination in dependence on the activity which is realised inside of it

 

The research of glare will be realised by a combination of physical measurements of real lighting devices and mathematical simulation of the phenomena connected with the physiology of vision with the goal to state the most important factors for achieving high visual performance and appropriate visual well-being.

 

The research will continue a series of measurements carried out abroad and will be based on the knowledge acquired from the area of the vision physiology from the past. Thanks to utilising the most modern technologies we expect the areas of knowledge will be extended and the acquired knowledge will be implemented into the lighting practice for improving the visual conditions when building new lighting systems.

 

Glare is at present one of the actual and discussed problem areas being solved on the international level especially with the fast advance of the LED technologies in the lighting sphere. The implementation of the new ecological and energy-saving technologies into practice brings also a requirement to solve the problems with glare because together with increasing the efficacy of the light sources also the luminance of the lighting fixtures which can cause glare increases - this is proved by real situations.

 

Outputs (results) of activity

 

The outputs will be

  • the acquired knowledge of utilising the nanoparticles for modifying the spectral composition of light in the reflection and transmission mode as well as in the diffuse light dispersion,
  • the innovative method of active cooling,
  • the knowledge leading to increased material stability both from the point of view of UV degradation and the structural and phase stability

 

Through defining suitable measures and conditions to prevent glare the designers will be able to develop cost-effective lighting systems using the most modern technologies which at the same time create healthy and pleasant lighting.

 

The main result of this activity will be the quantified rate of reducing the luminous flux during reflecting and transmitting on the light-active part exposed to various pollution levels, the change of the direct characteristics of the polluted luminous material surfaces including the demonstration of luminous flux distribution change in the space in model situations.

Defining the polluting environments with an emphasis on the working spaces categorised by corresponding technical standards belongs to the partial results. The results will be acquired gradually during the time-distributed phases.